Who can complete this form? A certified public accountant licensed in one of the U.S. jurisdictions who is properly licensed and registered or authorized to practice in the jurisdiction of their principal place of business. If a CPA supervisor was not properly licensed or registered or authorized to practice in the state where they practiced, the experience cannot be accepted. The CPA must have acted in a supervisory capacity to the applicant in the same employing organization..
What is acceptable experience? An applicant must present evidence, satisfactory to the State Board for Public Accountancy, of full-time experience providing accounting services or advice involving the use of accounting, attest, compilation, management advisory, financial advisory, tax or consulting skills under the supervision of a certified public accountant as indicated above. Acceptable experience may be earned in a public accounting firm, government, not-for-profit, private industry or an educational institution. Internships may not be accepted toward the experience requirement if it is used to meet the degree requirements or listed for academic credit on the transcript.
Full and part time experience. Full-time employment is considered to be a 5-day work week with 35-40 hours per week, excluding overtime. Acceptable part-time (no fewer than 20 hours per week) experience will be considered on the basis of one week of experience for every two weeks worked. Part-time experience requires supporting documentation that indicates the number of hours worked for each week during the duration. Supporting documentation may include time cards, billing reports, excel spreadsheets, etc. An average of part time work will not be accepted.
How much experience must be certified on Form(s) 4B?
- Initial license: 150 semester hour education requirements - must document at least 1 year of acceptable full-time experience (or the part-time equivalent as described above).
- Initial license: 120 semester hour education requirements - must document at least 2 years of acceptable full-time experience (or the part-time equivalent as described above) unless the applicant submits acceptable transcripts and is approved as meeting the 150 semester hour education requirements. See 150 semester hour requirement above.
- Endorsement of a CPA license issued in another state - must document 4 years of full time experience (or the part-time equivalent as described above) since the out-of-state license was issued and within the last 10 years. Applicants who hold a license issued by another state who cannot document 4 years of post-license acceptable experience are not eligible for licensure by endorsement and may be processed as an initial applicant for licensure. Do not list experience prior to the applicant's date of licensure listed in Section 1.
- Foreign Endorsement - must document 4 years of full time experience (or part-time equivalent as described above) since the foreign license was issued and within the last 10 years. The experience must be certified by a U.S. CPA as described above. Do not list experience prior to the applicant's date of licensure listed in Section 1.
- Applicants for an initial license based on 15 years of experience in lieu of meeting the education requirements - must document at least 15 years of acceptable full time experience (or the part-time equivalent as described above).
Instructions for Completing Item 7, A-K
Indicate the applicant's service(s) performed during the attested experience.
- Independent Audit: Includes experience where the applicant was involved:
- in examining financial statements of clients where the application of generally accepted auditing standards has been employed for the purpose of expressing an opinion that the financial statements are presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; or
- in examining financial statements of clients when certain auditing procedures have been applied but a disclaimer is expressed, including Statements on Auditing Standards (SASs), Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAEs), and Statements on Quality Control Standards (SQCSs).
- Compilations and Reviews: The independent preparation of financial statements from the books of account without audit, including compilations as defined by Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services (SSARS), and performing related services in which the applicant has demonstrated a knowledge of generally accepted accounting principles.
- Internal, Management, or Government Audit:Includes all audit activities that are not conducted independently or to determine that financial statements are presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, such as:
- objective analysis of internal controls and evaluation of risk related to an organization's governance, operations and information systems;
- structured review of the efficiency/effectiveness of an organization's systems and procedures;
- review of corporate or individual tax returns on behalf of a governmental entity;
- any audit activities conducted by an employee of a governmental entity.
- Forensic Accounting: The application of accounting skills at a level to determine issues such as: fraud; criminal investigations; estimates of losses, damages and assets related to potential legal cases.
- Bookkeeping Services and Internal Financial Statement Preparation:Preparing books of original entry, preparing payrolls, checks, and posting to subsidiary ledgers. Posting to the client's general ledger in connection with preparing financial statements should be classified as bookkeeping services. Providing general accounting services to an employer or client is considered bookkeeping.
- Tax Preparation or Tax Advice:
- Preparing corporation, fiduciary, partnership and individual tax returns from information compiled by others, or from unaudited data furnished by clients.
- Preparing payroll tax reports, sales and similar tax returns.
- Researching tax law; tax planning for clients; preparing protests, Tax Court petitions, and briefs; and representing clients before taxing authorities.
- Examining tax returns.
- Providing information and advice on tax issues to clients or an employer.
- Estate planning for clients.
- Management Advisory Services:
- Designing and installing accounting, cost or other systems for a client or employer, when not related to an extension of auditing assignments.
- Any other management advisory services provided for a client or employer.
- Financial Advisory Services: Includes a range of financial analysis and advice for either a client or employer including:
- Financial management activities;
- Pension management;
- Securities analysis.
- Personal Financial Planning
- Consulting (Includes a range of consulting services surrounding technological and industry experience.):
- Business valuation.
- Mergers and acquisitions.
- Client training on accounting systems.
- Teaching College Accounting:Preparation and delivery of accounting courses for academic credit at a regionally accredited 4 year degree granting college or university. Teaching by a full-time faculty member is considered to be full-time during the semester of course delivery. Adjunct faculty must deliver 9 or more credits of course work per semester to be considered "full-time." Teaching assignments
must be certified by an accounting department chair or Dean who is licensed as a CPA..
- Other Professional Services:Any other professional services for a client or employer that do not fit in the categories above. Do not list paid time off (PTO), Continuing Professional Education (CPE), Training or other non-billable time.
Instructions for Self-Verification of Experience - Only for Applicants Who Hold a CPA License Issued by Another State
An applicant for licensure in New York, who is licensed in another state, may certify his/her own experience on Form 4B if:
- he/she is working in private industry, government, or a not for profit and he/she does not have a US licensed CPA supervisor; or
- he/she is working as a sole proprietor of a CPA firm in a state other than New York.
To self-verify experience on Form 4B the applicant must do all of the following:
- provide his/her personal information in Section I: Applicant Information;
- provide his/her professional credentialing information in Section II, Item 1;
- detail his/her experience in Section II, Items 2 - 11; and
- sign the affidavit at the end of the form.